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Chinguetti:(Coordinates 20°27′N 12°21′W )
Founded and re-founded, Chinguetti is still a standing remnant to face the continual threats of desertification. Historically, the city was the central area of numerous trans-Saharan trade routes in the 13th century. It’s also a must-to visit for its reluctant libraries, magical scenery, and exquisite pattern of architecture.
The sad fact that Chinguetti is seriously jeopardized by the desert encouraged the UNESCO to declare it as a world heritage site, along with the Tichit, Ouadan and Oualata. It’s worrying enough that some houses in the city have already been abandoned to the high encroaching sand dunes.
As it used to be a basic gathering center for pilgrims on their way to Mecca, Chinguetti enjoyed a great religious importance throughout the history of Islam to the extent that it’s seen as the 7th holiest place. In addition to its immense religious spark, it’s also a cradle of knowledge. The libraries of Chingetti, mainly five, still contain more or less than fifteen medieval manuscripts including quraanic teachings, scientific and literary texts.
The Chinguetti Mosque is unquestionably the favorite part to many tourists. Its Minaret is said to be the second forever untouched, unadorned minaret in the history of Islam. Shapley, it’s square-based and capped by five clay ostrich egg finials.